Landscaping refers generally to any act that alters the external appearance of a given area of land, comprising the following: the structure of the soil and the vegetation of the ground, any trees or flowers, the form and position of buildings, roads, railways, etc. A person who designs or supervises the landscaping of a given piece of real estate can be said to be its landscaper. The landscaping of a house could be compared to that of a business enterprise in that both involve people and money. People look at the landscaping of the house with an eye of improving its value, to make it more aesthetically appealing, or to adapt it to the current use of the land for some other purpose. On the other hand, the landscaping of a commercial enterprise involves the economic worth of the property at stake. In other words, the landscaping of a building can increase its value, reduce maintenance costs, and boost sales figures by appealing to prospective buyers or tenants.
For the homeowner, landscaping may include anything from planting trees, shrubs, flowers, to a walkway or patio, and so on. A landscape gardener will usually have a vast assortment of tools to choose from. Tools such as hedge trimmers, rakes, spades, digging trowsels, etc., are not only used for landscaping but also for trimming hedges, preparing beds, and for cutting down overgrown branches. Landscapers also employ various strategies for landscaping, such as compaction drainage, grading, bagging, erosion control, tree planting, etc. A landscape gardener also makes use of mulch, whether for covering plants or for shading them, for example.
Irrigation systems for landscaping vary from very simple to highly sophisticated. Irrigation is used for watering lawns, parks, golf courses, tennis courts, gardens, and to hydrate small woodland species. There are also specialized landscaping irrigation systems including solar powered landscaping irrigation systems and gas or oil-powered landscaping irrigation systems.