The first step in managing the condition is to modify the environment. Avoid visually demanding activities, such as computer use. Another treatment is topical ocular lubrication with artificial tears. Other medications can be prescribed to increase the amount of tears in the eye. Punctal plugs are another treatment option. If these methods fail to relieve symptoms, you can visit your doctor for additional treatments. In some cases, a combination of these treatments can help.
There are several treatments for dry eye syndrome. Inflammation of the oil glands, called blepharitis, can prevent the tear film from properly secreting to the eye, causing rapid evaporation. Meibomian glands can also be blocked by eye makeup, natural oils, or even flaky skin from conditions such as dandruff. Seborrheic dermatitis is another possible cause of dry eyes.
To treat dry eye, your doctor will prescribe artificial-tear eyedrops. These drops can relieve the uncomfortable red, bloodshot eyes. In extreme cases, you may also experience fluctuating vision, unusual sensitivity to light, or eye pain. In some cases, you can even have an underlying condition known as Sjogren’s syndrome. You should see your eye doctor to find out if you have dry eye syndrome. A diagnosis of dry eye syndrome is only possible with a proper examination.
A dry eye syndrome diagnosis can be difficult to achieve, but an ophthalmologist can give you an accurate diagnosis. In this simple test, your ophthalmologist places a thin, painless drop in your eyes. The test then stains abnormal or devitalized epithelial cells in the conjunctiva and sclera, the protective membrane that covers the iris and parts of the sclera. If your doctor notices any signs of damage, he can recommend treatment.
A doctor can also prescribe eye drops that help you preserve tears. The ophthalmologist may also prescribe a steroid eye drop to reduce inflammation on the ocular surface. A patient with this condition should have the condition monitored to avoid complications. In severe cases, the dry eye syndrome may lead to irreversible vision loss. A dry eye exam can help determine the type of treatment. When the condition is severe, it can affect all areas of the face, including the eyes.
The most accurate method of diagnosing dry eye syndrome is an epithelial staining test. A doctor numbs the eyes and inserts a piece of special filter paper on the inside of the lower lids. The paper is marked by moisture indicators that indicate the presence of dry eye syndrome. In severe cases, the dry eye can even lead to irreversible vision loss. During an exam, an ophthalmologist will assess the severity of the condition and prescribe the most effective treatment.