Business finance is a general term used to describe various things regarding the analysis, formation, and management of funds and investments. Business finance involves the funding of businesses and organizations as well as their operations. Some of the financial topics that are covered include: raising capital, purchasing equipment, merging with other companies, paying employees, and financing acquisitions and growth. While business finance is usually dealt with on a day-to-day basis by most businesses, there are many aspects of business finance that require long-term planning and implementation. Long-term financing strategies, debt issues, short-term financing needs, investing, operations and exit strategy are all included in business finance.
Some of the factors that are taken into consideration when determining business finance include: the age of the company (can it survive without outside financing), industry, sector, competing industries, customers’ preferences, risk tolerance, geographic location and market shares. As with any financing, potential liabilities come with assets. If an organization doesn’t have enough assets to cover expenses, it will be unable to fund its operations, making borrowing expensive and risky. Many companies use assets as collateral for borrowing, resulting in poor equity ratios, and even bankruptcy if they use up too much of their assets without proper consideration. While some industries, such as the oil and gas and mining industries, have had success with asset-based financing, other industries such as the airline industry have struggled with using assets as collateral and have been unable to attract sufficient amounts of business funding.
Although some business finance issues may only become significant in the future, such as increasing cash flow or reducing operational costs, they can have a direct impact on the day-to-day operations and financing strategies of an organization. It is therefore important to ensure that any financial planning issues are addressed early and effectively. It is also important to take advantage of the various resources available, including those found within your company, to make sound decisions and implement them in the best manner possible. A good financial planning consultant will be able to guide you toward a sound business finance policy and improve the performance of your finances and operations.